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[hemmerling] Virtual Reality & Graphics


Applied Interactive Technologies

Graphical Design Software

Graphics File Formats


Animated GIF, ...

2D Graphics Tools and Editors

2D Online Graphics Tools and Editors

  • The free online service Google Jamboard - Multi-user sketching dashboard. Please use with Google Chrome browser :-). Does not work properly with Firefox browser :-(.
  • The free online service Piskel - a free online editor for animated sprites & pixel art. GameJam2021 Recommendation :-).
  • The free online service Canva - “Create beautiful graphics” ( Poster, Presentation, Resume, Logo, Instagram Post, Infographic, A4 Document, Newsletter, Flyer, .... ).

Graphics Software for creating Image Maps

2D Vector Graphics Editors

Commercial 2D Graphics Tools and Editors & 2D Vector Graphics Editors

3D Vector Graphics Editors

3D Vector Graphics Editor & Renderer

Graphics Converter

  • The free Pierre-Emmanuel Gougelet "XnView" for Windows.
  • The free graphics format convertion tool “ST32 Imager” by STMicroeletronics for Windows.
    • Output formats:
      1. 32bpp.
      2. 24bpp.
      3. 16bpp ARGB1555.
      4. 16bpp ARGB4444.
      5. 16bpp RGB565.
      6. 8bpp Indexed.
      7. 4bpp Indexed.
      8. 2bpp Indexed.
      9. 1bpp Indexed
      10. 8bpp Transparency.
      11. 4bpp Transparency.

Tools for Game Development

Just-commercial CAD Software

Virtual Reality / Augmented Reality Viewer

Animation Tools

Free Animation Tools

Just-commercial Animation Tools


Market Place

  • 3D Cafe - “If you're looking for FREE 3D models, you're in the right place, but there is a sharing process in which we ask that our visitors share a few models with our modeling community. After you (submit ) a few models through our form, we will give you access to our model database” → “A few models” is an inaccurate term :-(.
  • 3D ContentCentral - “Kostenlose 2D- und 3D-CAD-Modelle von Anbieter-zertifizierten und von Anwendern bereitgestellten Teilen & Baugruppen, 2D-Blöcken, Bibliotheks-Features, Makros und mehr”.
  • Forge3D - Commercial Unity3D models and audio resources :-).
  • Graphical Tool Data Exchange - Standard OpenBase e.V. c/o VDMA Präzisionswerkzeuge - “Die Plattform für den elektronischen Werkzeugdatenaustausch. Kostefreier Daten-Download,...”.
    • 3DP (3D Printing)
      • 123D
      • MeshLab
      • Meshmixer
      • onshape
      • Sculptris
      • TinkerCAD
      • Vectary
    • FASHION (Jewelery/Fashion CAD)
      • 3D Space Pro / FirestormCAD
      • 3Design (Type3)
      • 3Shaper (Type3)
      • Countersketch (Gemvision)
      • Fashion CAD
      • Geomagic / ClayTools
      • JewelCAD
      • MakeHuman
      • Mc Neel
      • Mudbox (Autodesk)
      • Pixologic
      • Rhino
      • RhinoGold
      • Telestia Creator (Fashion)
    • DESIGN (Animation, Rendering)
      • 3D Studio
      • blender
      • Cinema4D
      • MakeHuman
      • Maxwell
      • Maya
      • Phyta
      • Poser
      • Rhino
      • Zbrush
  • Syncronia - “3D Models and BIM Objects”.
  • TraceParts - Product Content Everywhere - “Free 2D & 3D CAD files, models and drawings of mechanical, electrical & mechatronics part catalogs”.
  • TurboSquid & PixelSquid.
    • TurboSquid - “3D Models and Textures”. Also for Unity3D.
      • “A library of design-ready 3D objects that you can easily use in your graphic design projects and workflow. Search our growing catalog to find the object you need, spin it to get the perfect angle, then immediately download it as a PNG with a perfectly transparent background or as a layered PSD file”.
      • Free plan.
        • Watermarked PNGs.
        • Download Free Watermarked PNG Images for Any Object.
        • Unlock Royalty-Free PNGs & PSDs with Shadow Options for All Objects for $12.99 Each.
        • Free Photoshop Plug-In.
        • Access Dozens of Free Objects.
        • Layered PSDs.
        • Optional Shadows.
        • Watermark Removed.
        • Royalty-Free License.

Special Market Place for Unity3D

Online Services

Service Provider

  • The 3D printing service fabberhouse powered by alphacam GmbH.
  • proto labs - “Real Parts. Really Fast”, “Proto Labs arbeitet mit Ihrer 3D-CAD Datei, um echte Teile aus technischen Werkstoffen zu fertigen”, “individuell gefertigte Funktionsteile für den Protoypenbau”.

Data Exchange Formats

ISO 13399

  • ISO 13399 covers DIN 4003, DIN 69874, DIN 4000.

DIN 4000

  • Beuth Verlag "DIN 4000-102:2017-06" - “Sachmerkmal-Listen - Teil 102: Datenaustausch für Sachmerkmallisten mittels XML-Schema”, “Tabular layouts of properties - Part 102: Data exchange for tabular layouts of properties with XML schema”.

DIN 4003

DIN 69874 for 2D Graphics

Important proprietary Input Formats

Tools with important open and proprietary Data Formats, supported as Input Formats by "SolidWorks"

Formats of 3D Models ( "Netzdaten-Formate" ), supported as Input Formats by "SolidWorks"


As of 2017 Outdated Alternatives to the DIN 4003 "Step" Data Format




  • VDAFS.
    • Version 1.0 by DIN 66301.
    • Version 2.0 by VDA/VDMA.
  • VDAIS as subset of IGES 3.0 ( VDMA/VDA Standard Sheet 66319 )


3D Scanning

Professional 3D Scans

Professional Portable Scanners & Hand Scanners

Semi-professional 3D Scans

3D Kits for Smartphones and Game Consoles

Cardboard for Smartphones

Cardboards for Nintendo Switch

3D Glasses

Windows Mixed Reality Hardware ( WMR )

HTC Vive, with "Base Stations"

Oculus Rift - Virtual Reality Headset for 3D Games

Resources - Browser API for Virtual Reality Devices

  • EN.Wikipedia "WebVR" - “WebVR was an experimental JavaScript application programming interface (API) that enabled applications to interact with virtual reality devices, such as the HTC Vive, Oculus Rift, Google Cardboard or Open Source Virtual Reality (OSVR) in a web browser”.

3D Printers

3D Printing

3D Printer Hardware

    • File formats “G-Code”, “STL”.
    • Creation steps:
      1. Create a 3D model, e.g. with “Autodesk 123Design”.
      2. Import the model into Simplyfy3D and set the wall thickness of objects, to create hollow ( = material-saving ) objects and other parameters. The result is optimized G-Code.
      3. Print the 3D model by Simplyfy3D.

3D Printer Software


  • Experts told me the problem with the now standard process of 3D printing, there is no option for FEM strength calculation of final optimized model with the hollow ( = material-saving ) objects :-(. The STL data format is the data format for the non-optimized solid model.

Services & Online Showcases with 3D Visualisation


Forums, Newsgroups

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